Diabetes is a medical condition in which the body either doesn’t produce or process insulin correctly. There are two distinct forms of diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce sufficient levels of insulin, while those with type 2 diabetes do not process insulin properly. Insulin is the hormone that transfers glucose from the bloodstream into the body as energy. Type 1 diabetes, which is typically diagnosed in children and young adults, is usually genetic and associated with family history. However, only 5 percent of the people with diabetes have this form of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is a much more common form of the disease, where blood sugar levels rise to higher than normal because the insulin that is produced is processed incorrectly by the body. The pancreas may manufacture additional insulin to make up for the perceived lack of insulin, but over time, the organ is not able to keep up with the demand and can fail.
The risk factors for type 1 diabetes are typically related to genetics and family history. While for type 2 diabetes, the patient’s behaviors have a huge effect on his or her likelihood of developing the disease. There are a variety of risk factors commonly associated with pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes. A patient’s weight is a risk factor. Fatty tissue is more resistant to insulin, so the body may be tricked into producing more insulin than necessary if that person has excess fat. A person’s physical activity levels are also important as regular exercise helps the body process glucose efficiently. Family history, race, and age are all potential factors in relation to the development and diagnosis of diabetes.
The doctors at Gilroy Family Medical Group will prescribe medication and lifestyle changes to treat and manage the disease. Eating a healthy, balanced diet and exercising moderately for 30 minutes for five days a week will help you to lose fat and process insulin more effectively. If your physician advises regular glucose level checks, you will need to learn how to administer the checks at home.
Gilroy Family Medical Group works with most major insurances. If you have any questions, please call our office and one of our knowledgeable staff members would be happy to help.
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